Project holder: SLORI Project manager: Norina Bogatec Project implementation period: annual monitoring since schoolyear 2010/11
The Slovene Research Institute SLORI has always dedicated much attention to Slovenian schools in Italy and to the problems regarding schooling in minority languages in general. Testimonies of such efforts are studies, researches and publications that SLORI has carried out and published during its 35-year long activity.
SLORI monitors with particular attention the change dynamics in ethnic and linguistic traits in children attending Slovenian schools of all grades and types in the provinces of Trieste and Gorizia and of the Bilingual comprehensive Institute with Slovenian and Italian as teaching languages in San Pietro al Natisone. The ethnic and linguistic composition of the schooling population are particularly important aspects in planning educational strategies, considering their role in educational contents choices and in structuring the most adequate pedagogical and didactic approaches. These aspects are also important for defining aims and objectives as well as the role of minority schools, which function as an instrument for empowering Slovenian presence, language and culture in Region Friuli Venezia Giulia.
The data on the ethnic composition of the families of pupils attending Slovenian schools and the data on the usage of Slovenian and other languages outside the schooling environment have up to now been collected within widely structured research projects, with which we’ve had the chance to analyse the state of the art in schools of all types and grades.
Since schoolyear 2010/11, SLORI, in collaboration with headmasters’ offices of Slovenian schools of all types and grades, introduced a standardized method for collecting data on the ethnic origin and linguistic habits of preschool children, of pupils and students attending schools of all types and grades in the provinces of Trieste and Gorizia, and of those attending the Bilingual comprehensive institute of San Pietro al Natisone.
Based on the researches performed up to now (Bogatec, Bufon, 1996; Bogatec, Bufon, 1999; Bogatec, 2004), two hypotheses have been formulated:
a) the ethnic and linguistic composition of the schooling population of schools with Slovenian as the teaching language is changing due to the growing number of pupils whose family is not Slovenian;
b) the passage of some alumni to Italian schools influences the ethnic and linguistic structure of such population in the passage from one school grade to another.
With this in mind, a questionnaire has been prepared for parents of preschool age children, of pupils of primary schools and of alumni of primary and secondary grade secondary schools, which is administered at the moment of enrolling children in the first year of each school grade. La distribuzione dei questionari ha luogo annualmente in collaborazione con gli uffici di presidenza delle singole scuole. I risultati vengono diffusi sia alle scuole che al pubblico più ampio.
In 2015, the data regarding the enrollment period 2010-2014 have been elaborated. The results of the first 5 editions of the project ŠOLA/SCUOLA 2010-2014 have been presented on April 29 2015 within a course dedicated to teachers of Slovenian schools in Trieste and on August 26 within the radio programme Morski val of Radio Trst A; a scientific paper has been published in the magazine Razprave in gradivo/Debates and materials and a scientific article has been published in the calendar of Mohorjeva Družba.
In 2016, SLORI, in agreement with headmasters, has restarted, after a three year pause, the data collection on first year pupils of all grade schools for the schoolyear 2017/18. As enrollment into first and second grade schools is now realized via web, SLORI has prepared an online questionnaire.
Last but not least, in two editions of the project ŠOLA/SCUOLA carried out in 2010 and 2011, which deal with the monitoring of ethnic and linguistic traits of the population of Slovenian kindergartens in Italy and of the Bilingual comprehensive institute of San Pietro al Natisone.